Eugène Delacroix (1798 - 1863)
July 28, Liberty Leading the People (July 28, 1830), details, Salon of 1831. Huile sur toile / H. 260 ; l. 325 cm. Paris, musée du Louvre, département des peintures.
The Paris uprising of July 27, 28, and 29, 1830, known as the Trois Glorieuses ("Three Glorious Days"), was initiated by the liberal republicans for violation of the Constitution by the Second Restoration government. Charles X, the last Bourbon king of France, was overthrown and replaced by Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans. Delacroix, who witnessed the uprising, perceived it as a modern subject for a painting; the resulting work reflects the same romantic fervor he had applied to Massacre at Chios, a painting inspired by the Greek war of independence.