This charming little group carved in schist is one of the Louvre's masterpieces.
It illustrates the calm mood so characteristic of the Pharaonic civilization as well as its humanity and its high degree of development.
Today, the monument bears no inscription (a text was probably inscribed on the plinth (now lost), but its structure speaks for itself. One certainly finds oneself in the presence of a highly ranking officer: either a wellborn lord or a common Egyptian gifted with the intelligence and culture dispensed by the school, and for whom his calame (that is the reed used by Egyptians to write) had allowed him to accede to Pharaoh's feet.
Like his wife, he wears a long linen robe with pleats. Their costumes, different from one another, are as typical for the woman as for the lord, and allow one to date the work to the end of the 14th century B.C.. This display of luxury and refinement is similarly encountered in the elaboration of the wigs, in the metal neckpiece and the plated diadem worn by the woman as well as in the two types of stools on which the figures are seated (note how the woman's seat has a cushion).
This group also refers to an entire social image: the woman is equal to her husband - we are in Egypt, slightly before the era of the Ramses -, the latter is seated to the right of his wife and they affectionately hold each other by the waist rather than from behind each other's back. They are thus represented in a moment of conscious peacefulness, as if contemplating the eternity before which they present themselves, aware of the good actions they had to perform in order to win their supra terrestrial existence.
This group was most likely displayed in the chapel of the couple's tomb or perhaps, if they had received permission from Pharaoh, in the temple, obtaining in this way divine protection. Indeed, despite their handsome outfit, the two Thebans (it seems that the group should come from this great capital of Antiquity) stand bear-footed, as it was custom to do in a chapel or a sanctuary. Behind them, a block of stone has been set up so as to create a sort of wall; but unlike similar statuary groups, this spinal pillar piece has not been covered with inscriptions.
The base of this item has changed in fall 2018, the picture shows the new model, but it remains exceptionally possible that older versions are included in your order
Reproduction in hand patinated resin
- H. 13 cm (5,12"); L. 7 cm (2,76"); P. 7 cm (2,76")
Base : H. 2 L. 7 P. 7 cm
- Material of the original
- End of the 18th - beginning of the 19th Dynasty, Circa 1 300 B.C., New Kingdom
- Paris - Musée du Louvre
- Art movement
- Egyptian Antiquities