The sphinx, a creature with the body of a lion and human head, appeared at a very early stage in Egyptian civilisation. The most famous example is the one that was erected during the Old Empire on the site of the pyramids at Gizeh. It combines the intelligence and authority of the king with the physical strength of the lion. This particular sphinx, in the name of King Nectanebo the First, wears a nemes, a kind of pleated material placed on the royal wig.
His chin once had a beard, which has now disappeared, and a wide necklace composed of several rows of beads adorns his chest.
Numerous sphinxes, similar to this one, used to line the processional aisles leading up to the temples, and their role was to protect the surroundings.
INSCRIPTION: The titles borne by Nectanebo the First with the five royal names:
Long live Horus with his "energetic arm", the name of two mistresses: "The one who reorganises the two countries"; the name of the golden Horus: "The one who creates those who love the gods"; the King of Upper and Lower Egypt: "Kheper-ka- re = the soul of the sun that transforms itself"; the son of Re: Nakht-neb-f = Nectanebo eternally endowed with life like Re. The names of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt and of the son of Re are inscribed inside the cartouche, with a cord tied at one of its ends.
Reproduction in hand patinated resin
- H. 13 cm (5,12"); W. 18 cm (7,09"); D. 5,3 cm (2,09") - 1 kg (2,20 oz)
- Egypt - 30th Dynasty - circa 378-361 B.C. Sphinx of King Nectanebo the First
- Material of original
- Sandstone originally stuccoed and painted
- Paris - Musée du Louvre
- Art movement
- Egyptian Antiquities